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16 August 2016 | 10:36

The 32nd session of the Human Rights Council: resolutions on the rights of the child

The 32nd session of the Human Rights Council: resolutions on the rights of the child

During the 32nd session of the UN Human Rights Council that took place from June 13th to July 1st, 2016, several resolutions related to the rights of the child were adopted.

The right to education on the agenda of the Human Rights Council

The right to education for all by 2030

For more than a decade, real progress has been made to ensure the right to education for all children. However, disparities and inequalities remain. Conflicts and crisis that affect many countries also have adverse effects on the full realization of this right.

The Council strongly blamed the repeated attacks perpetrated against pupils, teachers and schools that hinder the realization of the right to education and seriously damage people and societies.

The Council called on the States to act and reach the 4th Sustainable Development Goal that aims at “ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all” by 2030.
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Ensuring the right to education for all girls

Nearly a third of the countries in the world have not reached gender parity in primary education yet.

The Council exhorted the States to eliminate discrimination towards girls in education and remove all the obstacles that hinder the right to education for girls.

The States have to ensure an equal access to education for girls from marginalised groups and minorities and those with disabilities. Support also has to be provided to girls from disadvantaged backgrounds to prevent them from being withdrawn from school for financial reasons.
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The fight against violence at the heart of the debates of the 32nd session

Putting an end to female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a form of discrimination, an act of violence against women and girls and a harmful practice that constitutes a serious threat to their health and a violation of their fundamental rights.

The Council expressed its profound concern about the fact that despite the intensification of the efforts made at national and international levels, the practice of FGM remains in some countries and experiences the development of new forms such as medicalisation and cross-border practice.

All the States have to adopt a legislation that prohibits FGM and develop global policies that involve all stakeholders in the society to fight against this practice.
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Protecting child victims of trafficking

Putting an end to child trafficking and all forms of exploitation is part of the Sustainable Development Goals (Goals 5.2, 8.7 and 16.2) that the States committed themselves to reach by 2030.

To do so, the Council asked the States to ensure birth registration of all children to fight against the risks of child trafficking.

The States also have to provide assistance and protection services to child victims, especially through appropriate services and physical, psychological and social rehabilitation measures.
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Eliminating violence against girls

The Council expressed its concern about the fact that violence against women and girls in the private sphere, including within the family, is the most spread and the least visible form, and it has lasting and profound impacts in many fields of the lives of the victims.

The States also have to take efficient measures to fight against violence against women and girls, especially aboriginals, and protect all the victims. To do so, multisectoral services provided with sufficient resources have to be put in place to take care of the victims from a medical, psychological and legal point of view.
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Other resolutions

Youth and human rights

Youth have an important role to play in the promotion of peace, sustainable development and human rights. It is also essential that they can actively participate in decision-making.

Meanwhile, the Council recognised that youth had to face particular difficulties that require a concerted action by the States.

Therefore, it was decided to organise during the next session of the Human Rights Council in September 2016 a panel discussion on the following topic: “Youth and human rights” with the objective of highlighting the difficulties faced by youth in the exercise of their human rights and defining measures to be taken to give youth the possibility to fully exercise their rights.
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Independent Expert in Ivory Coast

The Council renewed for a last period of one year the mandate of Mr Mohammed Ayat, the Independent Expert in Ivory Coast, who will present during the 35th session of the Council in June 2017 his final report and recommendations.
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Traduction de Manon Millencourt